Statistics Estonia will present today, on 28 June the publication «Pilte rahvaloendusest. Census Snapshots» which provides an overview of the results of the 2011 Population and Housing Census and reflects some newer aspects revealed during the last Census.
The publication deals first and foremost with the topics connected with the population, its location and population composition, employment, migration and education.
In the current presentation, Statistics Estonia will focus on two topics educational attainment of the people working abroad and connections between education and income.
A Principal Analyst Siim Krusell analysed the people working abroad on the basis of the data of the last two censuses and came to the conclusion that when the 2000 Population Census showed that among the persons working abroad the share of people with higher education was almost the same as in case of persons working in Estonia, then the results of the 2011 Population Census were completely different.
«The share of persons with higher education working abroad has decreased significantly and only 23% of them had higher education,» Krusell remarked. «At the same time, the share of persons with basic education has increased from 6% to 16% during the past 11 years,» he added. «More people with higher education are working abroad than 11 years ago, but there has been an essential shift in favour of blue-collar workers,» Krusell explained. The Principal Analyst remarked that the difference in the results of the two population censuses is to a great extent caused by people who went to work in Finland, who numbered over a half of the persons working abroad in 2011. «For example, in 2011, only 14% of persons working in Finland had higher education, not taking Finland into account, the share of persons with higher education working abroad was 35%,» Krusell explained.
A Leading Statistician Koit Meres observed the connections between the employees’ education and income, and he came to the conclusion that compared to the previous, 2000 Census Estonian employees are older and more educated, more often a white-collar than a blue-collar worker. «It is interesting to remark that the educational attainment of the population during the period between censuses has significantly increased – in 2011, 70% of the permanent population aged 10 and older had at least secondary education. Compared to the previous census, the share of people with basic education has decreased mainly due to adult learning, but also due to mortality and emigration,» he explained. Meres remarked that higher educational attainment is clearly seen on the labour market. «People with higher educational attainment earn more and higher education is very important in increasing one’s income,» he said. «The earned income of persons with higher education is more than three times bigger than that of the persons with lower education.»
The schedule of publication of the results of PHC 2011 is available on the website www.stat.ee/phc2011
The eleventh Population Census in Estonia was conducted from 31 December 2011 until 31 March 2012. Previous censuses were carried out in 1881, 1897, 1922, 1934, 1941, 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989 and 2000. The next Population Census in Estonia will be conducted in 2020/2021.